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What's new in the 2019 edition

This edition of the Stylebook contains more than 200 new and modified entries.

A new health and science chapter provides guidelines and flags pitfalls. Individual terms, including a new entry on “Medicare for All,” remain in the book’s main section.

We added a race-related coverage entry, which begins: “Reporting and writing about issues involving race calls for thoughtful consideration, precise language, and an openness to discussions with others of diverse backgrounds about how to frame coverage or what language is most appropriate, accurate and fair.” The entry discusses the terms racist and racially charged, as well as blacks, Native Americans and more.

We removed the hyphen from African American and other dual heritage terms.

We now use the % symbol in all but casual uses: 53% of Americans, but he has a zero percent chance. We also now use accent marks and other diacritical marks in the names of people who request them.

New entries discuss cryptocurrency; deepfakes; constitutional amendments and clauses; sports betting terms; vaping terms; and use of the words suspect, casualties, and human trafficking/human smuggling. We expanded our suicide entry and revised marijuana, medical marijuana; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; and “right to work.”

An enhanced hyphen section of the Punctuation chapter stresses: “If the sheer number of hyphens in a phrase, or confusion about how to use them, can daunt either the writer or the reader, try rephrasing. It’s a guide about how to use hyphens wisely, not it’s a how-to-use-hyphens-wisely guide.” We no longer hyphenate most compound modifiers after versions of the verb to be. And: no hyphen in first grader, first quarter score, etc.

We removed the hyphen in double-e combinations (reelection, preempt), reflecting usage. We also removed the hyphen from passerby and bestseller. We revised our guidance to say data typically takes singular verbs and pronouns in writing for general audiences. Also: Do not use the term sic to indicate incorrect spelling or usage.

We now say that splitting the infinitive or compound forms of a verb is often necessary to convey meaning and make a sentence easy to read. We added more guidance to the headlines entry. The composition titles entry is rewritten for clarity, and we removed quotation marks from game titles.

We say STEM is acceptable on first reference. Grassroots is now one word, as is babysit and budtender. Macao is now our style, instead of Macau. We now use Ecuadorian instead of EcuadoreanMacedonia is now North Macedonia.

We note that it’s frosting or icing, depending on where you live. And:

Santa Claus, Santa Nice in any reference. Naughty: Using Claus on second reference. Mrs. Claus is acceptable for Santa’s wife.